Carbon foot-printing

The health, public health and social care Carbon Footprint for England estimates the health and care sector’s carbon footprint to be 27 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (MtCO2e). Remissions gives a measure of reduced environmental impact.

Further analysis identifies the carbon hotspots for the NHS, public health and care sector. These activity-based carbon emissions can be used to estimate the emissions changes from changes to services.

The largest single hotspot for the health and social care sector is pharmaceuticals, at around 20% of the carbon footprint. Supporting materials and research are available to aid a carbon footprint reduction by pharmaceuticals, and life cycle assessments can be used to explore in detail the changes which can be made to patient pathways.